Pharmacokinetics of Hydroxytyrosol and Its Sulfate and Glucuronide Metabolites after the Oral Administration of Table Olives to Sprague-Dawley Rats

Fecha de publicación: 17/01/2024
Fuente: PubMed "olive table"
J Agric Food Chem. 2024 Jan 31;72(4):2154-2164. doi: 10.1021/acs.jafc.3c06431. Epub 2024 Jan 17.ABSTRACTThe pharmacokinetics (PK) of hydroxytyrosol and its metabolites were characterized following oral administration to Sprague-Dawley rats of 3.85 and 7.70 g of destoned Arbequina table olives/kg. Plasma samples were analyzed using a fully validated method consisting of liquid extraction followed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Noncompartmental PK analysis of hydroxytyrosol demonstrated linear PK between doses of 2.95 and 5.85 mg hydroxytyrosol/kg. Half-life was approximately 2.5 h, while mean residence time was around 4 h. Clearance occurred by conversion to two sulfate and two glucuronide conjugates. The area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) ratios of metabolites versus parent hydroxytyrosol was approximately 7-9-fold for the sulfate and below 0.25 for the glucuronide, indicating sulfation as the predominant metabolic pathway. Despite extensive metabolism, hydroxytyrosol remained in plasma for up to 8 h with AUCs of 4293 and 8919 min·nmol/L for the doses of 3.85 and 7.70 g/kg, respectively. Therefore, table olives provide a more sustained plasma profile than other foods containing hydroxytyrosol, which may enhance its health-protecting activities.PMID:38232316 | PMC:PMC10835732 | DOI:10.1021/acs.jafc.3c06431