Effect of fertilisation with black table olive wastewater solutions on production and quality of tomatoes cultivated under open field conditions

Fecha de publicación: 05/06/2021
Fuente: PubMed "olive table"
Sci Total Environ. 2021 Oct 10;790:148053. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.148053. Epub 2021 May 27.ABSTRACTThis study was aimed at making progress on the valorisation of table olive wastewater that currently represent a big environmental problem for factories. Concentrates from vacuum evaporation of the wastewater generated during processing of black ripe olives treated with KOH were tested as fertilisers of tomato plants in open field assays for three consecutive crops. Fertilisation was performed by drip irrigation every 15 days; the first treatment being 15 days after transplanting, and a total of five fertilisation treatments were carried out. A phytotoxic effect was not observed on plants or fruit in any case but higher yield (fruit/plant and g/plant) was obtained in comparison to irrigation with only tap water. Moreover, the combined use of the olive concentrate with inorganic nitrogen supply (NH4NO3), in order to comply with the nutrient needs of plants, was also tested. The results demonstrated that the olive concentrates could be a good substitute for inorganic potassium (as KNO3) during the cultivation of tomato plants without any negative effect on the tomato quality (pH, °Brix, sugars, organic acids) or content of bioactive substances (phenolic compounds and carotenoids).PMID:34090164 | DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.148053